Mindfulness facets and Big Five personality facets in persons with recurrent depression in remission

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 110, p.109-114 (2017)

DOI:

dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2017.01.045

Keywords:

Mindfulness; Big Five personality traits; Recurrent depression; Remission

Abstract:

Studies examining mindfulness in relation to personality traits have been mainly conducted in non-clinical samples
and resulted in mixed findings. The present cross-sectional study examined which mindfulness facets are
most strongly associated with Big Five personality domains and facets implicated in the onset and possible relapse/
recurrence of recurrent depression. Using data from the MOMENT study, we included 278 adult persons
with recurrent depression in remission (SCID-I), who had completed baseline measurements of mindfulness
(FFMQ) and personality (NEO PI-R). Using exploratory factor analysis, we observed that the mindfulness facets
of acting with awareness, non-judging and non-reactivity loaded positively and the neuroticism facets loaded
negatively on the first factor (called self-regulation) and that the mindfulness facets of observing and describing
and the openness to experience facets loaded positively on the second factor (called self-awareness) of the identified
five-factor solution. Lower-level facet analyses taking themultidimensional nature of mindfulness and personality
traits into account clearly showthat mindful self-regulation skills are associatedwith neuroticism,which
is a known risk factor for relapse/recurrence of depression in persons with recurrent depression. Future longitudinal
studies are needed to assess whether these mindful self-regulation skills may constitute a protective factor
in the relationship of neuroticism with depression.